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Antioxidant and Antimicrobial Properties of Date Fruits

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Date palm is the most popular fruit in the Middle East and North Africa. It is consumed widely and has been used for traditional medicine purposes for a long time. The fruits are nutrient-rich, containing dietary fibers, sugar, protein, vitamins, minerals, flavonoids, and phenolic compounds. Due to the presence of the phenolic compounds, date palm fruits are antioxidant-rich with potent bioactivities against several bacterial pathogens. Therefore, based on the available evidence as reviewed in this paper, it was found that date fruits are a good source of natural antioxidants, which can be used for the management of oxidative stress-related and infectious diseases.

Antioxidant And Antimicrobial Properties Of Date Fruits

Date fruit is used as traditional medicine in some cultures for the treatment of ailments such as intestinal disorders, fever, bronchitis, and wound healing. This is because of their wide variety of essential nutrients. Recent studies have provided more evidence for the use of date fruits for medicinal purposes. Accordingly, preclinical studies have shown that date fruit has antibacterial and anti-inflammatory activity. More studies, especially human trials, are however still needed to evaluate the clinical validity of these findings. Similarly, the mechanism of action of the compounds in date fruits warrants investigation.

Date fruit is frequently consumed in many countries in the Middle East and North Africa and is used for various ethnomedical purposes. This review summarizes the antioxidant and antimicrobial properties of date fruits from different countries around the world. The review suggests that date fruits are a good source of natural antioxidants and may be used as a functional food in the management of oxidative stress-related and infectious diseases. These benefits are not restricted to date fruits from any region as shown by the positive data from different countries. Human lifestyle variations, especially in eating habits, caused remarkable metabolic disorders, resulting in the increased risk of numerous chronic metabolic diseases. Research studies on the beneficial properties of date palm fruits are abundant, and the reviewed ones are only a sample of a big population. Those reviews showed that date palm fruits are a safe, natural alternative and complementary treatment comparable with synthetic drugs to combat many disease conditions. The benefit ought to go farther than that to be incorporated as food ingredients to develop novel products. Further studies are also merited to offer details on the functional properties of date palm fruit components to evaluate their values as a functional food ingredient. In addition to its traditional and medicinal uses, the exploration of the prospective use of date palm fruits in food and pharmaceutical applications is needed.

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